The gauss, symbol G (sometimes Gs), is a unit of measurement of magnetic induction, also known as magnetic flux density. The unit is part of the Gaussian system of units, which inherited it from the older CGS-EMU system. It was named after the German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1936. One gauss is defined as one maxwell per square centimetre.
|Unit system||Gaussian and emu-cgs|
|Unit of||magnetic flux density (also known as magnetic induction, or the B-field, or magnetic field)|
|Symbol||G or Gs|
|Named after||Carl Friedrich Gauss|
|1 G or Gs in ...||... is equal to ...|
|SI derived units||10−4 tesla|
|Gaussian base units|| 1 cm−1/2⋅|
As the cgs system has been superseded by the International System of Units (SI), the use of the gauss has been deprecated by the standards bodies, but is still regularly used in various subfields of science. The SI unit for magnetic flux density is the tesla (symbol T), which corresponds to 10,000gauss.