Reed Relays and
Electronics India Limited
Manufacturer of Reed Switches, Reed Sensors and Reed-based products
Reed Relays and Electronics India Limited Incorporated in 1971

Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)

Restriction of Hazardous Substances or RoHS originated in the European Union and restricts the use of specific hazardous materials found in electrical and electronic products. It is also known as the RoHS Directive or Directive 2002/95/EC.

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS 1), short for Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union.

Directive 2002/95/EC
European Union directive
TitleDirective on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
Made byCouncil & Parliament
Made underArt. 95 EC
Journal L37, 13 February 2003, pp. 19–23
Date made27 January 2003
Came into force13 February 2003
Implementation date13 August 2004
Preparative texts
Commission proposalC365E, 19 December 2000, p. 195,
C240E, 28 August 2001, p. 303.
EESC opinionC116, 20 April 2001, p. 38.
CR opinionC148, 18 May 2001, p. 1.
EP opinionC34E, 7 February 2002, p. 109.
Other legislation
Amended byDirective 2008/35/EC; Decision 2005/618/EC, Decision 2005/717/EC, Decision 2005/747/EC, Decision 2006/310/EC, Decision 2006/690/EC, Decision 2006/691/EC, Decision 2006/692/EC, Decision 2008/385/EC.
Replaced byDirective 2011/65/EU, 3 January 2013
Recast with new legislation

The initiative was to limit the amount of hazardous chemicals in electronics.

The RoHS 1 directive took effect on 1 July 2006, and is required to be enforced and became a law in each member state. This directive restricts (with exceptions) the use of ten hazardous materials in the manufacture of various types of electronic and electrical equipment. In addition to the exceptions, there are exclusions for products such as solar panels. It is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) 2002/96/EC (now superseded) which sets collection, recycling and recovery targets for electrical goods and is part of a legislative initiative to solve the problem of huge amounts of toxic electronic waste. In speech, RoHS is often spelled out, or pronounced[citation needed] /rɒs/, /rɒʃ/, /rz/, or /ˈrhɒz/, and refers to the EU standard, unless otherwise qualified.

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