RRE for Reed switch and Reed sensor REliability

RRE India Limited: Manufacturer of Reed Switches, Reed Sensors, and Thermal Switches. Established 1977.

RoHS compliant Reed Switches, Reed Sensors and Reed-based products

ISO 9000 certified Reed Switch and Reed Sensor manufacturer

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FAQ on Reed Switches and Reed Sensors

Some frequently asked questions (FAQs) regarding the characteristics and function of reed switches are listed below. Click to view or download this page as a PDF and do contact us for any further queries.

What is a reed switch ?

The basic reed switch consists of two identical flattened ferromagnetic reeds, sealed in a dry inert-gas atmosphere within a glass capsule, thereby protecting the contact from contamination. The reeds are sealed in the capsule in cantilever form so that their free ends overlap and are separated by a small air gap.

Parts of a Reed Switch

What is a reed sensor ?

A reed sensor is a device built using a reed switch with additional functionality like ability to withstand higher shock, easier mounting, additional intelligent circuitry, etc.

How does a reed switch work ?

When a magnetic force is generated parallel to the reed switch, the reeds become flux carriers in the magnetic circuit. The overlapping ends of the reeds become opposite magnetic poles, which attract each other. If the magnetic force between the poles is strong enough to overcome the restoring force of the reeds, the reeds will be drawn together.

What magnetic force is required to close a reed switch ?

Minimum force - expressed in ampere-turns, will cause the reeds to close, and is called the just-operate force. Since the force between the poles increases as the gap decreases, a force of approximately half the just-operate force will maintain the operated state. Speed of operation of the reed switch is determined by the excess of operating force over the just-operate force.

What are the advantages in using reed switches ?

They are hermetically sealed in glass environment, free from contamination, and are safe to use in harsh industrial and explosive environments. Reed switches are immune to electrostatic discharge (ESD) and do not require any external ESD protection circuits. The isolation resistance between the contacts is as high as 1015 ohms, and contact resistance is as low as 50 milli-ohms. Reed switches can directly switch loads as low as a few micro-watts without needing external amplification circuits, to as high as 120W. When used in combination with magnets and coils, they can be used to form many different types of relays.

What are the different types of reed switches available ?

The basic reed switch is a normally open, form A contact. A normally closed, form B contact is provided by biasing the form A with a permanent magnet, and another magnet of opposite polarity needs to be used to actuate it. A form C or a form D contact can be made by combining a form A contact and a form B contact in the same operating coil. The form B, C and D contacts made in this manner have the same characteristics as the basic form A.

Are single capsule change-over reed switches available ?

Single capsule Form C reed switches are available in many configurations depending on the manufacturer. All configurations fall into two main categories, those which use a magnet bias to hold the armature against one pole, and those which have the armature mechanically preloaded against one pole. The former is polarity sensitive, while the latter has a higher contact resistance on the closed contact.

What are the advantages in RRE reed switches ?

RRE's reed switches are manufactured with flattened leads. This makes it easier for orienting and mounting for maximum in-group sensitivity, and no extra force (which could damage the seals) is required while SMD forming because the leads are already flattened. Ruthenium plating provides low, stable contact resistance, long life, and prevents cold welding.

How does a thermal reed switch sensor work ?

A special ferrite compound which loses its magnetic permeability at its Curie temperature, is sandwiched between two permanent magnets. At temperatures lower than the Curie point, the magnetic flux lines between the two exterior magnets are connected and enlarged as a whole. This keeps the reed switch contact closed. When the ambient temperature reaches the ferrite's Curie temperature, the flux no longer passes between the exterior magnets, and the reed switch contact opens. Normally open type of thermal reed sensors are made by positioning the magnet assembly, slightly away from the reed switch contact overlap.

Working of a Thermal Reed Switch

 

 

 

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Reed Relays and Electronics India Limited, 2011

 

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